Accelerate your monoclonal antibody development program with ProteoGenix antibody phage display services and get your antibodies in less than 2 months! Our naïve libraries consist of antibodies from various species and in various formats (Fab, scFv, or VHH), easily adapted to recombinant monoclonal antibody production. Benefit from our strong guarantees and receive at least 3 relevant binders with high affinity and screened in the application of your choice (ELISA, WB, or Flow Cytometry). Thanks to our highly diversified libraries and vast experience in phage display earned through more than 250 projects, we help you develop new antibodies for therapy, research, and diagnostics.
Our solutions for antibody phage display
Our high diversity human libraries ensure you receive the best binders for clinical applications forgoing the need for antibody humanization, and our VHH library grants you the ability to target even the most cryptic epitopes. Our approach to antibody phage display for therapeutic applications is also focused on giving you an edge in oligoclonal antibody development (i.e., antibody cocktails) and next-generation envenoming therapies.
Our process of antibody phage display for diagnostic applications is ideal for the generation of extremely sensitive and selective antibodies (i.e., rabbit antibodies) for diagnostics, food, and environmental monitoring applications. Forgoing the need for immunization, researchers can easily generate antibodies in the most diverse formats even against toxic or non-immunogenic antigens.
Why choose ProteoGenix' antibody
phage display services?
Always receive AT LEAST 3 unique binders against your antigen!
You get the full ownership of the antibody sequence generated!
Very high diversity antibody phage display libraries
Our premium libraries contain at least 1010 different variants!
scFv, Fab or VHH formats available
The variety of our libraries allows us to propose a wide range of formats to fit a wide range of applications.
Wide variety of species available
Mouse, sheep, llama, rabbit monoclonal antibodies etc. As well as our naïve libraries, you can also choose to develop immune libraries from a species of your choice without limitation.
From antigen to antibody in less than 7 weeks!
Buy your library
Buy our naïve libraries or your own immune libraries!
Naïve or immune antibody phage display libraries?
|Naïve libraries||Immune libraries|
|Species||Human, rabbit, camelids (camel, llama, alpaca)||No limitation except humans|
|Formats||Fab, scFv, VHH||Fab, scFv, VHH|
|Number of binders||++||+++|
|Affinity of binders||++||+++|
|Potential immunogenicity issues||No||Yes|
|Timelines||4-5 weeks||11-16 weeks + 4-5 weeks|
Antibody library generation is a vital first step in all phage display projects. The process encompasses the recovery of the naïve or immune antibody repertoire from specific host species by harvesting their B lymphocytes (B cells) or isolating PBMCs (peripheral blood mononuclear cells) by density gradient centrifugation of blood samples. The diversity of these repertoires is subsequently seized by mRNA extraction, cDNA synthesis, and PCR-mediated amplification of antibody-encoding genes.
Naïve libraries are prized for their versatility (adaptability to different projects/antigens) while immune libraries are considered more labor-intensive and reserved for especially challenging projects aiming to boost antibody affinity and selectivity.
Find your perfect antibody phage display library!
|scFv||Human – Donors that recovered from COVID-19 – Ideal for the identification of SARS-CoV-2 binders||1.19 X 1010|
|LiAb-SFMAXTM||scFv & Fab||Human – 5 different ethnic groups – 368 donors for maximized diversity||5.37 X 1010|
|LiAb-SFaTM||scFv||Human||1.5 X 109|
|LiAb-FabTM||Fab||Human||2.00 X 1010|
|VHH||Camel, llama, alpaca – 57 animals – Ideal for nanobody generation||1.51 X 1010|
|LiAb-SFRabTM||scFv & Fab||Rabbit – 4 different breeds for maximized diversity||1.09 X 1010|
|LiPep-12TM||Peptide 12-mer||/||1.00 X 109|
|LiPep-7TM||Peptide 7-mer||/||1.00 X 109|
ProteoGenix developed a large choice of proprietary phage display libraries that you can adapt to all your projects. Our goal is to fulfill all your unique requirements and to always push the boundaries of innovation by creating new and better phage display libraries. Whether you need a fully human antibody or a nanobody for therapeutic applications or a high-affinity rabbit antibody for diagnostic applications, our libraries will help you overcome your most difficult challenges. Feel free to contact our account manager for more information.
Our antibody phage display service process
Antigen procurement or design and production
- Peptide/small molecules: conjugation to carriers
- Protein production including gene synthesis
- Cell overexpressing target protein
Immune library construction
- PBMC isolation
- RNA extraction and cDNA synthesis
- VH and VL PCR amplification
- Library construction and QC
Library screening and biopanning
- Screening of naive or immune library against antigen
- 4-6 rounds of biopanning
ELISA screening of single phage binders
- ELISA screening and validation until identification of at least 3-10 different binders
DNA extraction & antibody sequencing
Our antibody phage display service content
|Library construction (only for immune libraries)||
|Library screening and biopanning||
|DNA extraction and antibody sequencing||
Satisfied antibody phage display customer testimonial
“I requested ProteoGenix’s services for the generation of neutralizing anti-COVID-19 antibodies by Phage Display. They designed an optimised strategy for this purpose which led to great results, with 4 antibodies identified as cross-reactive and neutralizing against all the current variants of concerns.
During the whole project, Proteogenix strived to ensure the best quality of their final deliverables, especially by including additional screenings against emerging variants as the pandemic evolved.
Their proactivity was key to obtaining promising and relevant blocking antibodies in only a few months. I highly recommend them for both their level of expertise and the personalised service they offer.”
Khelan Patel, Managing Director
Trident Biopharm Solutions, London, UK
“All three of the antibodies you delivered were reformatted into IgGs and worked well. Interestingly two were d1 binders, and one was a d1/d2 binder when we domain mapped them here. They were good “protein X” blocking antibodies. But none were “protein Y” blockers. They express reasonably well. Overall we are quite happy with them.”
Senior scientist at aTyr Pharma, USA
“ProteoGenix has been generous and sincere in supporting an academic laboratory like ours. They were able to identify several antibody sequences via phage display against a protein antigen and they screened twice more phages than initially planned to help us succeed in our project. ProteoGenix team was reactive and diligent in their replies and services.”
Alvin Chew, Research Fellow, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
“We are developing a novel immunotherapy and needed a highly potent monoclonal antibody. Currently the development of a novel antibody requires lengthy and expensive humanization process. We thus decided to screen for binders a human antibody library via phage display screening instead of humanizing a murine antibody. Proteogenix proposed just that. We provided our purified target antigen and in only one month several high affinity binders were obtained. We were able to quickly clone and produce a monoclonal antibody from the sequences provided. What should have taken 6 to 8 months was done in 2 for a fraction of the cost and for an equivalent quality.”
Dr Abbas El Sahili, Senior Research Fellow, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Case study: antibody generation against a small molecule by phage display
One of our customers requested a human antibody against a small molecule. The small molecule was conjugated to different carriers to achieve optimal coating. Biopanning was performed using our human naive library of high diversity.
A total of 192 single phage binders were screened and validated by ELISA. 10 antibody sequences were required.
|Rounds||Phage input (pfu)||Phage output (pfu)|
|Panning with antigen coating||Panning with no coating (negative control)|
There is an obvious enrichment in anti-antigen binders even if it is difficult to remove the binders to carriers (known phenomenon).
Polyclonal phage ELISA
|Phage quantity (pfu/well)||Round 3||Round 4|
Although there are many unspecific binders (known phenomenon), an obvious enrichment in anti-antigen binders is observed (data in bold).
Monoclonal phage ELISA of the 11 unique antibodies identified (unique means unique sequence)
|Clones||Ag-carrier 1||Ag-carrier 2||Ag-carrier 3||No coating||Carrier 1||Carrier 2||Carrier 3|
We generated 11 unique clones that specifically and strongly bind to the small molecule antigen.
Our customer decided to express these 11 clones as recombinant antibodies and to order the screening of 192 additional single phages, which resulted in the identification of 7 new unique sequences.
Learn more about our capabilities of antibody phage display services. Discover our complete report by clicking on the “DOWNLOAD PDF REPORT” button.
Case study: generation of an antibody cocktail against SARS-CoV-2
Since Omicron became widespread, more and more treatments have been rendered ineffective against SARS-CoV-2. To provide timely solutions to this crisis, we partnered with Aseem Healthcare and Trident Biopharm Solutions to develop a new broadly neutralizing antibody cocktail.
After extensive testing, the cocktail proved not only to be active against major variants but also to outperform currently FDA and EMA approved and authorized treatments.
Immune COVID-19 Library Construction
Milestone: scFv library diversity > 109
Antibody Phage Display
Milestone: isolation of 9 cross-reactive + neutralizing binders
Milestone: all but 1 binder displayed high activity and stability
Testing for Neutralizing Activity Against Major Variants
Milestone: identification of 4 mAbs with strong neutralizing activity against all variants
Results of SARS-CoV-2 neutralization tests
|B4||0.04742||0.03678||> 0.08*||0.006945||> 0.08*||> 0.08*|
|B7||> 0.08*||> 0.08*||0.02949||0.01878||2.353||0.04936|
|B9||0.2141||0.2494||No inhibition||No inhibition||No inhibition||No inhibition|
|Positive control||0.3602||0.3815||0.4183||0.3505||0.3634||No inhibition|
|Negative control||No inhibition||No inhibition||No inhibition||No inhibition||No inhibition||No inhibition|
EC50 values for each antibody tested at the concentration (μg/ml) at which 50% of the infection is neutralised. > 0.08*: The EC50 value could not be determined or extrapolated, due to maximal inhibition (close to 100%) maintained at the lowest tested concentration (0.08μg/ml). Shaded cells: More than 50% inhibition was observed even at the highest dilution.
What is antibody phage display?
The phage display technology encompasses the determination of interaction partners of a specific protein (protein-protein, protein-DNA, or protein-peptide). These interactions can subsequently be used as “bait” to capture phages displaying peptides, proteins, or antibodies encoded in high diversity DNA libraries. Through the interactions, it becomes possible to determine the function of a specific peptide or protein.
Phage display cycle: phage display library, panning/biopanning and validation by ELISA
The phage display technique commonly employs filamentous phages such as phage M13 from Escherichia coli. This method has proven to be a powerful way to interrogate libraries containing billions of different proteins or peptides.
The application of phage display on large antibody libraries has led to real success in the isolation of highly selective and specific monoclonal antibodies.
The use of libraries composed of billions of antibodies displayed on phages offers a highly valuable and effective alternative to traditional methods of antibody generation by allowing the quick selection of the most relevant candidates for your research.
M13 bacteriophage in antibody phage display
All ProteoGenix’s antibody phage display libraries are made using the filamentous phage M13, a virus infecting the bacterium E. coli. M13 is a lysogenic phage, comprised of a circular and single-stranded DNA encased in a thin flexible tube coated by about 2700 copies of protein pVIII, the major coat protein, and about 5 copies of pIII, the minor coat protein, present at the ends of the tube.
Infection with M13 plasmids is not lethal for bacteria and they are used for many recombinant DNA processes. Antibodies are generally displayed as fragments such as single-chain variable fragments (scFv), antigen-binding fragments (Fab), or variable heavy-chain antibody fragments (VHH or nanobodies).
These fragments are typically fused to protein pIII and cloned into a phagemid vector, comprising a simplified version of phage M13 containing only the pIII-antibody fusion protein, an origin of replication, and a selection marker (e.g., antibody resistance gene).
The phagemid vector is used in conjugation with a helper phage which, in turn, contains all essential elements of phage M13 except for a slightly defective origin of replication and no antibody fragments. The co-transformation of these two elements in E. coli results in the expression of hybrid phage particles generally displaying a single pIII-antibody fusion protein alongside native pIII proteins (essential for infection).
The reduced abundance of antibodies displayed per phage particle ensures only the binders with the highest affinity are selected during the process of biopanning.
Advantages of antibody phage display
The key attribute of phage display is the physical coupling between genotype and phenotype where the phage displays an antibody fragment on its surface while encoding the corresponding gene in its genome. This allows the fast enrichment of antigen-specific binders and amplification in their corresponding host. The major advantage of the technique lies in the simplified structure, stability, versatility, and reliability of phages which can be adapted to various surfaces or even used for in vivo applications.
Other advantages of phage display include:
- Compatibility with toxic or non-immunogenic antigens (which cannot be used in hybridoma-based antibody discovery)
- Ability to easily tailor antibody cross-reactivity, particularly useful when designing highly selective therapeutic or diagnostic applications (narrow cross-reactivity), or when developing complex envenoming therapies to target several closely related proteins venoms (wide cross-reactivity)
- Easy and quick access to antibody sequences
- When naïve high-diversity libraries are used, additional advantages include:
- Reduced lead times (less than 7 weeks)
- Minimization of animal use (no animal immunization is necessary)
- Possibility of using the same antibody library in different projects (versatility)
- Possibility of quickly generating oligoclonal therapies (antibody cocktails), invaluable in the fight against infectious diseases
What are the applications of antibody phage display?
Phage display comprises the study of protein-ligand interactions. For this reason, its applications are broad. When antibodies are displayed on the surface of phages, the process of selection can be used to:
Other advantages of phage display include:
- Discover novel antibody functions (antibody discovery) with multiple applications including therapeutic, diagnostic, research, or catalytic antibody discovery
- Engineer existing antibodies to increase their affinity towards a specific target and/or improve their biophysical properties and thus their developability
Moreover, peptides can be displayed on the surface of phages and screened against a specific antibody. In this way, phage display can be used for epitope mapping applications. This is invaluable for the further development of highly selective therapeutic applications, such as oligoclonal therapies, or diagnostic applications, such as Sandwich ELISA which requires the use of an antibody pair targeting non-overlapping epitopes of a specific antigen.
For additional resources, check all Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about phage display on our dedicated page.