Cardiovascular Biology is the study of the network of blood vessels and heart of an organism which defines the cardiovascular system. It delivers oxygen and nutrients to the different organs of the body and removes their wastes. Cardiovascular deficiencies are implied in many diseases as atherosclerosis, cardiomyopathy, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias or coronary disease. There is a growing awareness on these disease linked to the cardiovascular system as they are one of the major cause of global deaths.
ProteoGenix offers a wide range of products in the area of cardiovascular research, from regulation protein to antibodies.
Cardiovascular Biology science
Cardiovascular system structure
The cardiovascular system is structured according to the blood that is transported in the vessel, veins carry blood flowing to the heart on the contrary to arteries which blood flows away from it. The capillaries are the thinnest vessels that are in contact with the final organs and which allow the exchange through their membrane.
Cardiovascular system process
The cardiovascular system can be split in three processes. Pulmonary circulation is responsible for the transportation of oxygen from the lungs to the heart and backward with oxygen-poor blood. Systemic circulation is in charge of the blood between the heart and the organs for the transport of the oxygen rich and oxygen poor blood. Finally, coronary circulation describes the circulation of the blood inside the heart.
Cardiovascular system evolution
The cardiovascular system evolves thanks to two phenomenons. The first one is vasculogenesis by which new vessels are formed. The second one is angiogenesis which is the modification and extension of the existing vessels.
Examples of Cardiovascular proteins
Among Cardiovascular recombinant proteins, ProteoGenix offers Cardiac Biomarkers which are proteins or hormones that are secreted and released in the blood vessels as a mean of communication when a cardiac muscle, or myocardium, is stressed or damaged. Cardiac markers may be used for diagnostic purposes to prevent cardiac failures. These failures are often caused by deposits of fat in the near heart vessels, or coronary arteries, that prevent it from receiving blood. For example troponin T and I can be used as cardiac markers in case of heart infarction or heart attack and cardiomyopathy. Creatine kinase can also be used in the same way for myocardial infarction control.